docs:blackbox:connect-vfd

3.3.5 BlackBox 4X 0-10v Analog Output

OpenBuilds BlackBox includes a 0-10v Analog Signal Voltage output that can be used to control spindles/other toolheads that need a 0-10v signal to run.

NB Note this is a low level logic Signal voltage, it should not be used to drive anything directly. This signal should be connected to an external drive system, for example a VFD or a DC Spindle Controller. If you need help, head over to our Forums to ask about specific devices and how to connect them

  • To use the signal, connect between the GND and 0-10v pins on the toolhead plug as shown.
  • To Activate the signal, send an M3 Sxxx where X=0-1000 (1000 = default Grbl configuration, or send S=what you have set for $30 - Max spindle speed, RPM). For example, to have a 10v output send M3 S1000, to have a 5v output send M3 S500, to have a 1v output send M3 S100 etc. (NB scale accordingly if your $30 is not '1000')
  • If you want to use this feature to control Spindle RPM (on supported spindles), please read https://github.com/gnea/grbl/wiki/Grbl-v1.1-Configuration#30---max-spindle-speed-rpm

Calibrate output voltage

TIP: You may need to fine tune the output to be exactly 10v:

  1. Send an M3 S1000 to the controller (1000 = default Grbl configuration, or send S=what you have set for $30 - Max spindle speed, RPM)
  2. Measure the voltage between GND and the 0-10v Terminal
  3. Use a small flat head screwdriver to adjust the 0-10v Fine Tuning Adjustment until the output is exactly 10.0v

This will ensure that command Spindle RPM is as close to the actual as possible

Checkout our Forums for more information:

docs/blackbox/connect-vfd.txt Ā· Last modified: 2020/06/02 20:23 by admin